The bronze dancing girl discovered at Mohenjodaro is perhaps the greatest surviving achievement of the metal work of the Harappan age. This world-famous figure shows a female dancing figure standing as if relaxing after a dance number, with her right hand on her hip and the left dangling free. She wears a large number of bangles, probably made of bone or ivory on her left arm together with a couple of pairs on her right arm.

The ancient lost wax method involved carving the sculpture out of wax, then covering it in wet clay. Once the clay was dried, holes were bored into the mold and the mold was heated, melting the wax. The empty mold was then filled with melted metals.

These splendid artefacts are proof to a vibrant culture and a highly skilled community of artists approximately 5000 years ago.


A splendid piece, most likely it was used as a ritual vessel or ceremonial vessel. Though not many complete specimens of such vessel have been found, the recovery of a large number of its fragments from various sites suggests that this type of utensil was very commonly used. It further suggests that the vessel was a ritual artefact used perhaps to hold libations offered during sacred rituals.

Period - Period - 3300 BC -1300 BC . Matured period 2600-1600 BC


This could be the oldest signboard in the world. Image 1 is a replica of the original photograph as seen in image 2.

The City of Dholavira located in Khadir island of the Rann of Kutch belonged to matured Harappan phase. Today what is seen as a fortified quadrangular city set in harsh arid land, was once a thriving metropolis for 1200 years (3000 BCE-1800 BCE) and had an access to the sea prior to decrease in sea level.

The excavated site of Dholavira demonstrates the ingenuity of Harappan people to evolve a highly organised system of town planning with perfected proportions, interrelation of functional areas, street-pattern and an efficient water conservation system that supported life for more than 1200 years (3000 BCE to 1800 BCE) against harsh hot arid climate. Its scale of enclosures, the hierarchical street pattern and defined spatial utilization i.e. land for industries, administration etc, as well as infrastructure like waste water disposal system, show the sophisticated urban life enjoyed between in this metropolis. 
Period - Period - 3300 BC -1300 BC . Matured period 2600-1600 BC.

The Indus valley script is still not deciphered.


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