The Pashupati Seal is a steatite seal(kind of stone) that was discovered at the Mohenjo-daro archaeological site of the Indus valley civilization. He has a horned headdress and is surrounded by animals. Sitting in lotus position. It is purported to be one of the earliest depictions of the Hindu god Shiva, the seal is named after "Pashupati", an epithet of Shiva.

Period - 3300 BC -1300 BC . Matured period 2600-1600 BC

The recent research by a team of researchers from IIT Kharagpur, Institute of Archaeology, Archaeological survey of India (ASI) also shows that the civilisation itself was much older than thought — it is at least 8,000 years old.



Approximately 4,800 year old ornate terracotta figurine represents a female divinity now unanimously identified as the Mother Goddess, the cult of female-worship, seems to have been deep rooted in India's soil itself.

This large size figurine from Mohenjo-Daro is an excellent example of the technical maturity that Harappan artisans had acquired in clay modeling and baking.

Period - 3300 BC -1300 BC . Matured period 2600-1600 BC

It was one of three early civilisations of the Old World, and of the three, the most widespread.At its peak, the Indus Civilisation may have had a population of over five million.Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in handicraft (carnelian products, seal carving) and metallurgy (copper, bronze, lead, and tin). The Indus cities are noted for their urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, and clusters of large non-residential buildings.

A seated male soapstone figure was found in a building with unusually ornamental brickwork and a wall-niche. Though there is no evidence that priests or  monarchs ruled Mohenjo-daro, archaeologists dubbed this dignified figure a "Priest-King.

The details on the figure show the incredible skill during this early period.

Period - 2700 BC to 2100 BC




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